First, a reminder
(from Berit): Until recently, America
has been a safe and comfortable home for most of us.
But dark clouds are gathering, and the ominous signs of
change can no longer be ignored. If fact, God tells us to
prepare for the spiritual battles ahead, for they will
surely intensify as His Word fades from schools, homes and
The list below should alert
each of us to the unseen enemy behind the scenes. Shrewd,
deceptive and enticing, Satan will do his best to distract
us from our Lord, distort His Word, dull our faith, and
blind us to the raging spiritual war.
But here are some ways to
encouraging Scriptures! Use them
as your "shield of faith"
and your "sword of the Spirit" whenever the evil one disturbs your
peace in Him. Remember, human
strength and wisdom will never win this
"...we have no power
against this great multitude that is coming against us; nor do we know
what to do, but our eyes are upon You." 2 Chronicles
"Put on the
whole armor of God, that you may be
able to stand against the wiles of the devil." Ephesians 6:10-18
following information from Pastor Fowler is vital to that
I. Representative Biblical references
Greek word Satanas - transliteration of
Heb. (36 ref.) - adversary, opponent, to resist,
Job 1:6-12; 2:1-6 -
"Satan presented himself before the
Mk. 1:13 - Jesus
"was in the wilderness forty days
being tempted by Satan"
Acts 26:18 -
"to turn from the dominion of Satan to
I Cor. 7:5 -
"lest Satan tempt you"
II Cor. 11:14 -
"Satan disguises himself as an angel of
Rev. 12:9; 20:2 -
"the devil and Satan, deceive the
B. Devil: Greek word diabolos - dia=through;
ballo=to throw (38 ref.) - slanderer,
misrepresenter, deceiver, divider, accuser, divider
Jn. 8:44 -
"you are of your father, the devil"
Eph. 4:27 -
"do not give the devil an opportunity"
II Tim. 2:26 -
"the snare of the devil, having been
held captive to do his will"
Heb. 2:14 -
"the one having the power of death, that
is, the devil"
I Jn. 3:8 -
"the one doing sin is of the devil"
C. Evil One: Greek word ho poneros - the evil one
Matt. 13:38 -
"the tares are the sons of the evil one"
II Thess. 3:3 -
"the Lord will strengthen and protect
you from the evil one"
I John 3:12 -
"Cain was of the evil one, and slew his
I John 5:18,19 -
"whole world lies in the evil one"
D. Tempter: Greek word peirazo - to pierce in order
to prove or examine
Matt. 4:3 -
"the tempter came and said to Him
I Thess. 3:5 -
"for fear that the tempter might have
E. Adversary: Greek word antidikos - against right or
I Pet. 5:8 -
"your adversary, the devil, prowls about
like roaring lion"
F. Ruler of this world
Jn. 12:31 -
"the ruler of this world shall be cast out"
Jn. 14:30 -
"the ruler of this world has nothing in Me"
Jn. 16:11 -
"the ruler of this world has been judged"
G. God of this age
II Cor. 4:4 -
"the god of this age has blinded the
minds of the unbelieving"
H. Beelzebul, the ruler of the demons
Matt. 9:34 -
"casts out demons by the ruler of the
Matt. 12:24 -
"cast out demons by Beelzebul, the ruler
of the demons"
- possibly "lord of flies, dung, or forest;"
II Cor. 6:15 -
"what harmony has Christ with Belial..."
J. Prince of the power of the air
Eph. 2:2 -
"the prince of the power of the air, the
spirit that works in the sons of disobedience"
echthros, from echthos = hatred,
Matt. 13:25,28,39 -
"the enemy who sowed them is the
Lk. 10:19 -
"authority over all the power of the enemy"
Acts 13:10 -
"you son of the devil, you enemy of all
L. Dragon, serpent; cf. Gen. 3; II Cor. 11:3
Rev. 12:9 - "the great dragon, the serpent of old
called the devil and Satan"
Rev. 20:2 -
"the dragon, the serpent of old, who is the
devil and Satan"
Zech. 3:1 -
"Satan standing at his right hand to accuse
Rev. 12:10 -
"the accuser of our brethren...who accuses
them day and night"
N. Apollyon: from Greek apollumi = to destroy;
Rev. 9:11 -
"the angel of the abyss...Apollyon"
O. Destroyer: Greek olothreutes
I Cor. 10:10 - "destroyed by the destroyer"
II. Relation of Satan to God
A. No absolute dualism; no two equal powers; good god
and bad god
B. Contrasting opposites; adversary, enemy
1. Not merely a philosophical tenet of necessary
negative to God's positive.
2. Not to be defined as but the absence or privation of
a. God = Being; Satan = non-being; nothing
b. Satan as darkness (Acts 26:18; Eph. 6:12; Col.
1:13) or death (Heb. 2:14) implies an active
C. Creator God created a choosing creature who was/became
1. Derivative being - not independent, autonomous,
self-existent, or self-generative
2. Satan takes that which is of God and falsifies and
relativizes; distorts and aborts; misuses and
abuses; perverts and inverts; pollutes and convolutes
III. Origin of Satan
A. Indirect Biblical evidence within historical
B. Idea of Lucifer, "light-bearer" from Isa. 14:12 (KJV)
C. Idea of falling from heaven - Isa. 14:12; Ezek. 28:16;
cf. Jude 6
1. Was this an unsolicited choice?
2. Where did the self-oriented pride and arrogance
3. Does this posit the impossibility of redemption?
IV. Being of Satan
A. Satan is a spirit-being - I Cor. 2:12; Eph. 2:2; I Jn.
1. Not omnipotent, omniscient, omnipresent, as only God
2. Not uni-temporal, uni-locative (one place at one
time) as man is in his tangibility.
3. As spirit, Satan is
a. trans-temporal (time) - Adam, Job, Jesus, us
b. trans-locative (space) - USA, Japan, Africa
B. Satan is a personal-being
1. Not just an impersonal "force"
2. Biblical evidence is overwhelming in identifying as
a. speaks - Lk. 4:3
b. knows - Rev. 12:12
c. works - Eph. 2:2
d. disputes - Jude 9
e. desires - Jn. 8:44
f. requests - Lk. 22:31
g. schemes - II Cor. 2:11
h. conceit - I Tim. 3:6
i. wills - II Tim. 2:26
j. wrath - Rev. 12:12
k. deceives - Rev. 20:2
V. Character of Satan
A. Evil - Jn. 17:15; II Thess. 3:3; I Jn. 3:12
B. Sinful - I Jn. 3:8
C. Deceitful, deceiving - Acts 13:10; II Cor. 11:3; Rev.
D. Liar - Jn. 8:44; Acts 5:3
E. Murderer - Jn. 8:44; I Jn. 3:12
F. Malicious - I Tim. 3:11; Titus 2:3
G. Self-exalting - Matt. 16:23; Mk. 8:33; I Tim. 3:6
VI. Function of Satan
A. Controls the unregenerate
1. works in - Eph. 2:2
2. dominates - Acts 26:18; Col. 1:13
3. enslaves - II Tim. 2:26; Rom. 6:17
4. blinds their minds - II Cor. 4:4
5. source of sin - I Jn. 3:8,10,12
6. basis of death - Heb. 2:14
7. not necessarily possession, oppression or control -
ex. Judas (Mk. 8:33; Lk. 22:3; Jn. 6:70; 13:2,24)
B. Individualized expressions of his activity in the
patterns of the "flesh"
C. Collective expression of his activity in the "world of
evil" - Lk. 4:5;
Jn. 12:31; I Cor. 2:12; I Jn. 4:4; Rev. 12:9; 20:3
D. Activity toward Christians individually
1. tempts - I Cor. 7:5; I Thess. 3:5; James 1:14
2. accuses - Rev. 12:10
3. snares - I Tim. 3:7
4. takes advantage - II Cor. 2:11
5. persecutes - Rev. 2:10
6. thwarts - I Thess. 2:18
7. seeks to create apostasy - I Tim. 1:20; 5:15
E. Opposition to Christians collectively
1. opposes kingdom of God - Matt. 12:28,29
2. antichrist activity - I Jn. 2:18,22; 4:3
3. counters evangelism - Mk. 4:15; Lk. 8:12
4. fosters religion - II Cor. 11:14; Rev. 2:9; Jn.
8:44; Col. 2:20-23
5. counterfeit believers - Matt. 13:30
6. occult, magic, witchcraft - Acts 13:10
F. To what extent should illness and adversity be attributed
to Satan's work?
(Lk. 13:16; Jn. 9:2,3; Acts 10:38; I Cor. 11:30; II
Cor. 12:7; Heb. 12:6)
VII. Christian response to Satan
A. Recognize conflict of spiritual warfare with spiritual
enemy - Eph. 6:10-18
B. Avoid idleness - I Tim. 5:13-15
C. Consistent marital relations - I Cor. 7:5
D. Resist - James 4:7
E. Receptivity of Christ's activity - Faith - I Peter 5:9
F. Affirm identity in Christ - cf. Lk. 4:3
G. Reckon on the victory in Christ
a. overcome the evil one - Jn. 16:33; I Jn. 2:13; Rev.
b. greater is He in you - I Jn. 4:4
c. kept from evil one - Jn. 17:15
d. untouched by evil one - I Jn. 5:18
e. authority over - Lk. 10:19
VIII. End of Satan
A. Overcome by the work of Christ
1. cast out - Jn. 12:31
2. judged - Jn. 16:11
3. rendered powerless - Heb. 2:14
4. works destroyed - I Jn. 3:8
5. triumph over - Col. 2:15
6. defeat by Christ - Rev. 12:5-12
7. head crushed - Gen. 3:15
B. Restrained activity in enigma of the interim
1. strong man bound - Matt. 12:29
2. devil bound - Rev. 20:2,3
3. to be crushed under feet of Christians - Rom. 16:20
C. Eventual terminus
1. all rule, authority, power abolished - I Cor. 15:24
2. eternal fire prepared for devil and agents - Matt.
3. thrown into lake of fire - Rev. 20:10
4. Differing opinions
a. everlasting perpetuity?
b. destructive annihilation?
IX. Brief history of Christian thought concerning Satan
A. Early Church Fathers
1. Unregenerate regarded as devil's property
2. Personal experiences with devil and demons
3. Jesus' death regarded as payment to devil
B. Middle Ages
1. Elaborate explanations of diabolic activity
2. Art and literature attempted to portray
3. Sickness, accidents, sterility, death, crop failure
(everything undesirable or unpleasant) attributed
to the devil.
1. Maintained many of Medieval ideas
2. Luther threw his inkwell at the devil
3. Luther did affirm that Satan had no right or power
D. Modern Christian thought
1. Academic theology unwilling to address study of
2. Renewal of emphasis on demonology in charismatic
X. Concluding thoughts
A. Christian theology has never definitively clarified
and articulated a Christian doctrine of
theodicy (an understanding of the origin, source,
judgment of evil). The doctrines of
satanology or diabology have been weak, ambiguous and
B. One of the first doctrines to be questioned and
jettisoned by those who regard the Biblical record as
suspect is the teaching about Satan.
1. Satan often regarded as
a. pre-scientific myth; figment of imagination of
b. metaphorical or literary personification of
2. To the extent that the severity of sin and evil is
disregarded, the Biblical record of the spiritual
and personal agency of Satan will be diminished or derided.