"Unesco [UN Educational, Scientific
and Cultural Organization] also can and should promote
the growth of international contacts,
international organizations, and actual international achievements, which will offer increasing resistance to the forces making for division and
conflict. In particular, it can both on its own and in close relation with other
UN agencies such as the FAO [Food &
Agriculture Organization] and WHO [World Health Organization], promote the international application of science to
human welfare. As the benefits of such world-scale collaboration becomes
plain (which will be speedily be the case in relation to the food and
health of mankind) it will become increasingly more difficult for any
nation to destroy them by resorting to isolationism or to war."
The UN Plan for Food and Land]
"Further, since the
world today is in process of becoming one, and since a major aim of Unesco must
be to help in the speedy and satisfactory realization of this process... Unesco must pay special attention to
international education - to education as a function of a world society, in addition to its function in
relation to national societies, to regional or religious or intellectual groups
or to local communities."
has also been emphasized by the development of intelligence testing, some
authorities in this field going so far as to assert that only 10-20% of the
population are capable of profiting by a university course."
"...peace must therefore be founded, if it is
not to fail, upon the intellectual and moral
solidarity of mankind."
"In the forefront is set Unesco's collaboration
in the work of advancing the mutual knowledge and understanding of peoples,
through all means of mass-communication."
"It must be an evolutionary as opposed to a
static or ideal humanism.... In the last few decades, it has been possible
to develop an extended or general theory of evolution which can prove the
necessary intellectual scaffolding for humanism...."
[See the last part of
"In addition, we now know much about the
biological evolution, the existence of several types of selection... the
evolutionary conflict between the limitations set by an organism's nature and
past history and the requirement of the present, and its solution by means of
some new adjustment.... This last point immediately recalls the thesis,
antithesis and synthesis of Hegelian philosophy, and the Marxist
'reconciliation of opposites' based on it. Indeed, dialectical
materialism was the first radical attempt at an evolutionary philosophy.
Unfortunately, it was based too exclusively upon principles of social as against
reasoning is inadequate to arrive at truth.... truth is never complete and
explanations never fully or eternally valid. On the other hand, the
scientific method... leads steadily to more truth, both in the
quantitative sense of a greater amount of truth as well as qualitative sense of
the accurate and more complete truth."
techniques of persuasion and information
and true propaganda that we
have learnt to apply nationally in war, and deliberately bending them to the
international tasks of peace, if necessary utilizing them -- as Lenin
envisaged - to 'overcome the resistance of millions' to desirable change.
"Using drama to reveal reality and art as the method by which, in
Sir Stephen Tallent's works, 'truth becomes impressive and a living principle
of action,' and aiming to produce concerted effort, which -- top quote
Grierson once more -- needs a background of faith and a sense of destiny. This must be a mass philosophy, a mass creed, and it can never be achieved
without the use of the media and of mass communication. Unesco, in the
press of its detailed work, must never forget this enormous feat."
"There are thus two tasks
for the Mass Media division of Unesco; the one general; the other special. The
special one is to enlist the press and the radio and the cinema to the fullest
extent in the service of formal and adult education, of science and learning, of
art and culture. The general one is to see that these agencies are used both to
contribute to mutual comprehension between nations and cultures, and also to
promote the growth of a common outlook shared by all nations and cultures."
"Conclusion: ...The task
before UNESCO... is to help the emergence of a single world
culture with its own philosophy and background of ideas and with its own broad
purpose. This is opportune, since this the first time in history that the
scaffolding and the mechanisms for world unification have become available and
also the first time that man has had the means... of laying a world-wide
foundation for the minimum physical welfare of the entire human species. And it
is necessary, for at the moment, two opposing philosophies of life confront each
other from the West and from the East....
categorize the two philosophies as two super-nationalisms, or as
individualism versus collectivism; or as the American versus the Russian
way of life, or as capitalism versus communism, or as Christianity
versus Marxism. Can these opposites be reconciled, this antithesis
be resolved in a higher synthesis? I believe not only that this can happen,
but that, through the inexorable dialectic of evolution, it must happen....
pursuing this aim, we must eschew dogma - whether it be theological dogma or
Marxist dogma.... East and West will not agree on a basis of the future if
they merely hurl at each other the fixed ideas of the past. For that is what
dogma's are -- the crystallizations of some dominant system of thought of a
particular epoch. A dogma may of course crystallize tried and valid experience;
but if it be dogma, it does so in a way which is rigid, uncompromising and
intolerant.... If we are to achieve progress, we must learn to
uncrystalize our dogmas."
"...society as such embodies no values comparable to those embodied in
individuals; but individuals are meaningless except in relation to the
Additional notes and excerpts:
Bush calls for the U.S. to rejoin UNESCO:
"UNESCO is often referred to as a school board for the world and, as such, it reflects the educational philosophy of its founding Director-General, biologist/humanist Julian Huxley.
"Huxley stated that the agency would advocate
'the ultimate need for world political unity' and would condition 'all peoples with the implications of the transfer of full sovereignty from separate nations to world organization.'... UNESCO
'can do a great deal to lay the foundations on which world political unity can later be built."
"In the early 1950's, former Communist Joseph Z. Kornfeder expressed the opinion that
UNESCO was comparable to a Communist Party agitation and propaganda department. He stated that such a party apparatus
'handles the strategy and method of getting at the public mind, young and old.' Huxley would lard the agency with a motley collection of Communists and fellow travelers.
"In Hamburg, Germany, 1964, Huxley chaired a UNESCO sponsored conference called the
'International Symposium on Health, Education, Sex Education and Education for Home and Family living' in which the agenda was laid out for sex education.... The conference concluded,
'Sex education should begin at an early age.'...
"Through its 'World Heritage' subsidiary, UNESCO has, incredibly, already taken over control of such U.S. landmarks as the Statue of Liberty, Yellowstone National Park, Independence Hall, and other essential parcels of sovereign U.S. property. A portion of the admission to these symbols of American freedom now goes directly to UNESCO." Chuck Morse,
September 16, 2002.
From Evolutionary Humanism
by Julian Huxley
(Prometheus Books, 1992; Great Minds
"Pierre Teilhard de Chardin was at the same time a Jesuit Father and a
distinguished paleontologist. In the Phenomenon of Man he has aimed at a
threefold synthesis---of the material and physical world with the world of mind
and spirit; of the past with the future; and of variety with unity, the many
with the one. .... Conversely, he is able to envisage the whole of knowable
reality not as a static mechanism but as a process...
"Pere Teilhard starts from the
position that mankind in its totality is a phenomenon to be described and
analyzed like any other phenomenon.... His second and perhaps most fundamental
point is the absolute necessity of adopting an evolutionary point of view."...
"... since the evolutionary phenomena.... are processes, they can never be
evaluated or even adequately described solely or mainly in terms of their
origins: they must be defined by their direction, their inherent
possibilities....and their deducible future trends. He quotes with approval Nietzsche's view that man is unfinished and must be surpassed or completed;
and proceeds to deduce the steps needed for this completion."203
"...perhaps because he was so deeply concerned with establishing a
unification of human awareness as a necessary prerequisite for any real
future progress of mankind... he did not discuss the evolutionary values of
cultural variety in any detail." 204
"He seeks to link the evolution
of mind with the concept of... energy in the physicists' sense, measurable or
calculable by physical methods, and 'psychic energy' which increases with
the complexity of organized unity."206
"In the process of convergence
and coalescence, what we may metaphorically describe as the psychosocial,
temperature rises. Mankind as a whole will accordingly achieve... more integrated mental activity.....
"Teilhard was a strong
visualizer. He saw
with his mind's eye that 'the banal fact of the earth's roundness'--the
sphericity of man's environment -- was bound to cause this intensification of
"Years later, when at the U of Californian in
1952, this same vivid imagination led Pere Teilhard to draw a parallel between
the cyclotron generating immense intensities of physical energy.... and the
entire noosphere with its fields of thought curved round upon themselves to
generate new levels of 'psychical energy.'"
"His position in France became
increasingly difficult, and in 1951 he moved his headquarters to New York.
...here, in 1954, I had the privilege of working with him.
... He has .helped both
to clarify and to unify of vision of reality."
"The condition of advance are
- global unity of
mankind's noetic organization or system of awareness, but a high
degree of variety within that unity;
- love, with goodwill
and full co-operation;
- personal integration
and internal harmony; and
- increasing knowledge.
"We, mankind, contain the
possibilities of the earth's immense future, and can realize more and more of
them on condition that we increase our knowledge and our love. That, it seems to
me, is the distillation of The Phenomenon of Man."