UNESCO: Its purpose and Its Philosophy
by Julian Huxley,
"Unesco [UN Educational, Social and Scientific Organization] also can and should promote the growth of international contacts,
international organizations, and actual international achievements, which
will offer increasing resistance to the forces making for division....
"Further, since the
world today is in process of becoming one, and since a major aim of Unesco must
be to help in the speedy and satisfactory realization of this process... Unesco must pay special attention to international education - to
education as a function of a world society...
"...peace must therefore be founded, if it is
not to fail, upon the intellectual and moral
solidarity of mankind."
"...it has been possible
to develop an extended or general theory of evolution which can prove the
necessary intellectual scaffolding for humanism...."
"This last point immediately recalls the thesis,
antithesis and synthesis of Hegelian philosophy, and the Marxist
'reconciliation of opposites' based on it. Indeed, dialectical
materialism was the first radical attempt at an evolutionary philosophy.....
techniques of persuasion and information and true propaganda that we
have learnt to apply nationally in war, and deliberately bending them to the
international tasks of peace, if necessary utilizing them -- as Lenin
envisaged - to 'overcome the resistance of millions' to desirable change.
"Using drama to reveal reality and art as the method by which, in
Sir Stephen Tallent's works, 'truth becomes impressive and a living principle
This must be a mass philosophy, a mass creed, and it can never be achieved
without the use of the media and of mass communication.
"Conclusion: ...The task
before UNESCO... is single. The task is to help the emergence of a single world
culture with its own philosophy and background of ideas and with its own broad
purpose. This is opportune, since this the first time in history that the
scaffolding and the mechanisms for world unification have become available...
categorize the two philosophies as two super-nationalisms, or as
individualism versus collectivism; or as the American versus the Russian
way of life, or as capitalism versus communism, or as Christianity
versus Marxism. Can these opposites be reconciled, this antithesis
be resolved in a higher synthesis? I believe not only that this can happen,
but that, through the inexorable dialectic of evolution, it must happen....
"East and West will not agree on a basis of the future if
they merely hurl at each other the fixed ideas of the past. For that is what
dogma's are -- the crystallizations of some dominant system of thought.... but if it be dogma, it does so in a way which is rigid, uncompromising and
intolerant.... If we are to achieve progress, we must learn to
uncrystalize our dogmas."
"...society as such embodies no
values comparable to those embodied in individuals; but individuals are
meaningless except in relation to the community."