The back of the
USA "Great Seal"
by Dennis L. Cuddy, Ph.D
Posted January 17, 2012
The Illuminati -- called “The Order” by its members -- was a secret society founded on May 1, 1776 by Adam Weishaupt. [It's interesting that it bears part of the the same name as The Order of Skull and Bones]
According to University of Edinburgh professor (and General Secretary of the Royal Society of Edinburgh) John Robinson in Proofs of a Conspiracy (1798), its purpose was to root out all religion and ordinary morality, abolish national distinctions, demean patriotism, and “rule the world.”
Weishaupt had been a Jesuit and professor of Canon Law at the University at Ingolstadt (Bavaria), and he initially called his secret society Perfektibilisten. According to Will and Ariel Durant in Rousseau and Revolution (1967), Weishaupt
“followed the model of the Society of Jesus [Jesuits], divided his associates into grades of initiation, and pledged them to obey their leaders in a campaign to ‘unite all men capable of independent thought,’ make man ‘a masterpiece of reason, and thus attain highest perfection in the art of government’.”
Weishaupt said, “Reason will be the only code of man…. When at last reason becomes the religion of man, so will the problem be solved.” To Weishaupt (Illuminati code name Spartacus), the “problem” was all authority, monarchical and religious, as well as ownership of private property.
Weishaupt believed that he had developed a plan that could not be stopped, saying “my means are effectual, and irresistible. Our secret association works in a way that nothing can withstand.”
A key component of his plan included directing academic and religious education. If the Illuminati “was to govern the world,” as they believed, they had to “acquire the direction of education—of church management—of the professorial chair, and the pulpit” (Robinson, page 109).
From Illuminati “secret correspondence” Robinson found their “Instruction B for the whole degree of Regent” that included winning “the common people in every corner. This will be done chiefly by means of the schools, and by open, hearty behavior, show condescension, popularity and toleration of their prejudices which we shall at leisure root out and dispel.”
According to Friedrich Christoph Schlosser’s History of the Eighteenth Century and of the Nineteenth Till the Overthrow of the French Empire. With particular reference to mental cultivation and progress (Vol. IV, 1845), the Illuminati was particularly interested in princes, declaring that their “grand object shall be to disseminate true knowledge among classes, and to bring the ruling princes under guardianship of the order.” One way the Illuminati did this was to place their members as tutors of the children of nobility, especially princes who would later become rulers of countries. Such is the case of Alexander I of Russia who came under the influence of the Illuminati at a young age.
The secret correspondence of the Illuminati also revealed their plan to use the liberation of women for their purposes, as is stated
“There is no way of influencing men so powerfully as by means of the women. These should therefore be our chief study; we should insinuate ourselves into their good opinion, give them hints of emancipation from the tyranny of public opinion and of standing up for themselves; it will be an immense relief to their enslaved minds to be freed from any one bond of restraint, and it will fire them more, and cause them to work for us with zeal, without knowing that they do so; for they will only be indulging their own desire of personal admiration.”
Concerning religious education, Terry Melanson of the online Illuminati Conspiracy Archive said “Weishaupt and his control turned Jesus into a socialist revolutionary: representing Him as a secret society adept, who came to preach egalitarian virtue.” In a letter dated September 19, 1776, Weishaupt refers to “our grand master, Jesus of Nazareth.”
In terms of morality, Robinson indicated the Illuminati’s plan included “destroying the veneration of marriage-vows.” And he includes a letter from Illuminist Count Ludwig Savioli (code name Brutus) stating:
“The Order must possess the power of life and death in consequence of our Oath… by the same right that any government in the world possesses it: For the Order comes in their place, making them unnecessary.”
This power of life and death included abortion, as Robinson wrote that in the handwriting of Franz Zwack (Weishaupt’s closest confidant, and code name Cato) was “description of a strong box, which, if forced open, shall blow up and destroy its contents—Several receipts for procuring abortion—A composition which blinds or kills when spurted in the face… A method for filling a bed-chamber with pestilential vapours….”
Regarding abortion, Weishaupt wrote to confidant Jakob Hertel (code name Marius) in September 1783 that Weishaupt and his sister-in-law “have tried every method in our power to destroy the child” in her womb.
Not only did the members of the Illuminati have code names, but symbols as well. According to Librarian of Congress and Rhodes Scholar James Billington in Fire in the Minds of Men (1980),
“Weishaupt described his recruitment of Illuminists from within Masonic Lodges in Munich as ‘the progress of the [picture of a point in the middle of a circle]’ in the political area.”
Also, if one looks at the Masonic website, one can see the owl as an Illuminati symbol for their Minerval degree, which was just above the class of Novice. In Greek mythology, Minerva (Pallas-Athene or Athena) was the goddess of wisdom and reason. The Illuminati’s Censor at the Minerval Assembly (at night) bows in front of the pyramid painted there. At this point, you might remember the gigantic carved owl present at the Bohemian Grove in California where many of the elite yearly gather in secret.
Robinson related that once one became an Illuminatus Minor,
“the pupil is warmed by the pictures of universal happiness, and convinced that it is a possible thing to unite all the inhabitants of the earth in one great society…. [Then] it may frequently be no hard task to make him think that patriotism is a narrow-minded monopolizing sentiment.”
In a strategy Fabian Socialists later would adopt, the Illuminatus Minor also is told: “We must do our utmost to procure our advancement of Illuminati to all civil offices.” Fabian Socialist H.G. Wells in New Worlds for Old (1907) revealed:
“Socialism ceased to be an open revolution, and became a plot. Functions were to be shifted, quietly, unostentatiously, from the representative to the official he appointed: a bureaucracy was to slip into power….”
Baron Adolph von Knigge (code name Philo) was Weishaupt’s second-in-command from 1780-1784. And according to Robinson, “his favorite scheme” was to create “Citizens of the World.” You might reflect at this point whether you have heard any leading political figures recently refer to themselves as “Citizens of the World.” Thus, whether it’s world citizenship, abortion, women’s liberation, or some other issue today, one can probably trace its origins back to being part of the Illuminati’s plan.
Concerning the strategies of the Illuminati, they are similar to those of the PE today. For example, the Illuminati adopted the Machiavellian concept that “the end justifies the means,” contrary to the Biblical admonition that one should not do evil that “good” may come from it. Today, one can see some of the PE’s activities regarding population control as exhibiting the same perspective of “end justifies means.”
The plot of the Illuminati began to be exposed by the Bavarian Court of Enquiry which commenced its investigation in 1983, and it concluded with the abolishment of the Illuminati in 1786. There had already been friction within Weishaupt’s ranks as Baron Adolph von Knigge (code name Philo), who was initiated into the Illuminati in July 1780 and was Weishaupt’s second in command, resigned on April 20, 1784 over Weishaupt’s direction and dictatorial management of the Order as revealed in the Supplement of Further Original Works (1787) regarding the Illuminati. Next year (1788), Baron von Knigge wrote:
“As a rule, under the veil of secrecy, dangerous plans and harmful teachings can be accepted just as well as noble intentions and profound knowledge; because not all members themselves are informed of such depraved intentions, which sometimes tend to lie hidden beneath the beautiful façade….” (See Steven Luckert’s dissertation titled Jesuits, Freemasons, Illuminati, and Jacobins: Conspiracy theories, secret societies, and politics in late eighteenth-century Germany).
Even though the Illuminati had been abolished in 1786, Weishaupt already had a plan for its continuation. In Augustin Barruel’s Memoirs Illustrating the History of Jacobinism (1798), Weishaupt is quoted as stating:
“I have foreseen everything, and I have prepared everything. Let my whole Order go to rack and ruin; in three years I will answer to restore it, and that to a more powerful state than it is in at present…. I [shall] rise stronger than ever…. I can sacrifice whole provinces, the desertion of a few individuals, therefore, will not alarm me.”
With the abolishment of the Illuminati in Bavaria in 1786, Weishaupt fled to the court of Saxe-Gotha under the protection of Duke Ludwig Ernst II, who ruled there and was a high-ranking Illuminatus (code name Quintus Severus/Timoleon). Ernst II was initiated into the Illuminati in 1783, and today’s British royal family are his direct descendants. According to Rene Le Forestier in Les Illumines de Baviere et la Franc-Maconnerie Allemande (1915), Ernst II on February 25, 1777 had become a member of the Strict Observance Masonic lodge, and a banquet table was brought in having the shape of a T—“a symbol noticeable on monuments of the old Knights Templar.”
Taking over the Illuminati leadership in 1786 was Johann Bode (code name Aemilius/Winefried), and in 1787 he founded a branch of the Illuminati in the Les Amis Reunis lodge in Paris. Bode adopted the name Philadelphes, rather than Illuminati, in France. And in an interview with Charles Porset in the December 1995 edition of Humanisme (publication of the Grand Orient Masonic Lodge of France), there is reference to a 1789 document holding the Philadelphes responsible for the French Revolution which began that year.
It is entirely logical that the Illuminati would be a prime instigator of the French Revolution as the theories of French philosopher Jean Jacques Rousseau, who greatly influenced Weishaupt, inspired the Revolution. In addition, according to Librarian of Congress (and Rhodes scholar) James Billington in Fire in the Minds of Men (1980):
“It was [Jacobin and French revolutionist] Honore Mirabeau’s ‘evocative’ language and his popularization of Illuminist concepts that, during the early years of the Revolution, swayed many of the conspirators in Paris.”
Prominent Freemason Marquis de Luchet (who obtained the position of Bibliotheque for Voltaire) in the first year of the Revolution (1789) warned in Essai Sur La Secte Des Illumines about the infiltration of the Illuminati into the Masonic lodges, saying:
“You who are misled, or could be, know that there is a conspiracy…. It was formed in the deepest darkness; a society of new beings who know each other without being seen, who understand each other without explanation, who serve without friendship. The goal of the society is world government, taking over the authority of sovereigns, taking their place, and leaving them nothing more than the empty honour of wearing the crown.”
The Illuminati not only spread to France, but to other countries as well. According to Le Forestier, King Frederick William II of Prussia wrote to Frederick Augustus I (Elector of Saxony) on October 3, 1789 that he had been informed that “a Masonic sect, who are called Illuminati or Minervals, after having been expelled from Bavaria, have become formidable and have spread rapidly throughout the whole of Germany and into neighboring countries.”
In Germany, the philosophical Jacobin Johann Gottlieb Fichte, though not a member of the Illuminati, was accused of having sympathy for them. Fichte actually developed the “dialectical process” before Georg Hegel to whom this process is attributed. Terry Pinkard in Hegel: A Biography (2001), revealed that Hegel was mentored by Illuminati member Jacob Abel (code name Pythagoras).
Terry Melanson of the online Illuminati Conspiracy Archive (a website with extensive research information) indicated that “one of the core concepts that influenced him [Hegel] was the notion of a single ‘philosophy of history’.” And according to Reinhart Koselleck in Critique and Crisis: Enlightenment and the Modern Society (1988), this philosophy
“substantiated the elitist consciousness of the Enlightenment. This was the power that the Illuminati possessed, a power they shared with the whole of the Enlightenment. This was the threat: it revealed the plan of conquest to those under attack.”
As Antony Sutton explained in America’s Secret Establishment: An Introduction to the Order of Skull & Bones:
“Progress in the Hegelian State is through contrived conflicts: the clash of opposites makes for progress. If you can control the opposite, you dominate the nature of the outcome.” Remember here that the PE and Skull & Bones member William Whitney in the late 19th century devised a political strategy of giving large sums of money to both major political parties, and then alternating power so the public thinks it has a choice when both major political parties’ candidates actually are controlled by the PE."
Our Lord tells us: “In the world you will have tribulation;
but be of good cheer, I have overcome the world.”
© 2011 Dennis Cuddy
Dennis Laurence Cuddy, historian and political analyst, received a Ph.D. from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (major in American History, minor in political science). Dr. Cuddy has taught at the university level, has been a political and economic risk analyst for an international consulting firm, and has been a Senior Associate with the U.S. Department of Education.
Cuddy has also testified before members of Congress on behalf of the U.S. Department of Justice. Dr. Cuddy has authored or edited twenty books and booklets, and has written hundreds of articles appearing in newspapers around the nation, including The Washington Post, Los Angeles Times and USA Today. He has been a guest on numerous radio talk shows in various parts of the country, such as ABC Radio in New York City, and he has also been a guest on the national television programs USA Today and CBS's Nightwatch.
For more information from Dr. Cuddy, just use our website search engine to "search" for his name. He has been a helpful and loyal friend for almost twenty years.
See alsoTrusting God as Freedom Fades
The Power Elite behind the New World Order
The Power Elite and the Muslim Brotherhood